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Composting is a technique used to speed the natural decomposition procedure. The technique changes organic waste matters to a mulch which is used to fertilize and condition soil. It gives the soil microorganisms that aid plant health, supplies nutrients to the soil, and helps clay soil drain better and sandy soil retain water. It's free and easy to make and is wonderful for the environment.

In the following video you will learn how to make compost, where to put your compost bin, what can and can't be composted, filling the bin, compost activators, getting the mixture right and hot and cool composting.

Notes and tips from the How to make Organic Compost video:

Compost bins can be placed just about anywhere in your garden. It should sit directly on the soil so that any liquids produced as the materials break down can drain away.

What can and can't be composted? Basically, anything that was once living that is materials of plant or animal origin can be composted and anything not of living origin can't be composted. There are some materials that don't follow this rule and are best left out of your compost bin.

If using paper or cardboard in your compost bin, crumple it up before you put it in. It's better than tearing or shredding as it keep the air in the heap.

Most of the plant debris from the garden can be added to the bin. Pruning from soft leafy material or woody pruning, weeds, grass mowings, clearings from the vegetable patch. Autumn leaves can be added in small amounts, while larger amounts can be stacked to make leaf mold.

Materials you put into your compost bin can be divided into greens and browns. Basically, you need a mixture of both.

The greens are you, tender, moist materials such as grass clippings, vegetable peelings from your kitchen and other tender plant material from the garden. Greens tend to rot quickly.

Browns are tougher materials such as woody pruning and dried plant debris from the garden or autumn leaves. Browns take longer to break down.

The key to making good compost is to have a balanced mixture of greens and browns.

If the material you added is dry, you will have to add some water.

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